War Memorial Oak

War Memorial Oak

The first memorial tree to be planted for World War 1 anywhere in the world is believed to be the English Oak (Quercus robur) planted in Creswell Gardens, Adelaide, SA on the 29th of August 1914 a mere 25 days after the declaration of war between the United Kingdom and Germany. The Oak tree was planted by Sir Henry Galway, then Governor of South Australia . A further eight wattle trees were planted around it by other dignitaries to symbolize the eight States and Territories of the young Commonwealth of Australia.

The Register reported this event as follows:

Treeplanters at work

An Historic Oak

A unique ceremony of historic importance was witnessed at Creswell Gardens during the morning. Shortly before 11 a.m. a company of metropolitan Boy Scouts arrived upon the scene. They were followed by the drum and pipe bands of the East Adelaide and Thebarton Public Schools. Lining up on both sides of the principal entrance the scouts, trim and erect, formed a guard of honour for His Excellency, the Governor (Sir Henry Galway) and Lady Galway, who drove in a few minutes later, and were received by the State and Federal President of the Wattle Day League (Mr. W.J. Sowden) and the Vice- President of the local branch (Mr. Herbert Solomon). His Excellency, accompanied by Messrs Sowden and Solomon, the viceregal Private-Secretary (Hon. J Mulholland), and the officer in charge (Assistant Superintendent Scoutmaster Holden), inspected the ranks, spoke a few words to the school children, who were under Messrs. J.J. Fairweather and J. Donfiell, and the real business of tree-planting was begun. Eight wattles of various species were placed in different parts of the gardens, under the supervision of the City Gardener (Mr. A W. Pelzer). The Governor was the first to place a plant in the ground, and as he finished the operation Mr. Sowden called for three cheers to mark the first tree planting operation of his Excellency in Australia. A hearty response was given. Others who performed similar ceremonies were Lady Galway, the Minister for External Affairs (Mr. Glynn), and Mrs. Glynn, Mrs. A.H. Peake, the Mayor of Adelaide (Mr. A.A. Simpson), Lady Butler, and Mrs. W.J. Sowden. The onlookers then gathered round a spot where a small oak [Quercus robur] was waiting for insertion in the soil.

Presidential Remarks –

Mr. Sowden said he would now, as Federal President, request His Excellency, on behalf of the Federal Wattle Day League, as well as the South Australian branch, to plant a British oak. They desired by that means to commemorate the greatest war in the history of the world, and also what would probably by the most epoch-making period the world had ever seen, or ever would see. (Hear, hear.) With the consent of the Adelaide City Council, represented today by His Worship the Mayor, they proposed to exhibit upon an inscribed plate on the site a record to the effect that on Wattle Day, August 29, 1914, Sir Henry Galway, then Governor of South Australia, had planted a memorial oak to keep the people in perpetual memory of greater events which had now just begun in Europe. (Hear, hear.) … The oak which was to be planted was, like Australia, young. An older tree was not chosen because they sought to convey the idea that this oak in its infancy was synonymous with the beginning of the great cataclysm in Europe (Anon 1914, ‘The Golden Wattle’, The Register, p. 769A-B)


The wattles have been lost but the Oak tree still remains as a living memorial and has the potential to grace the Adelaide Parklands for many decades more. In August 2014, to mark the centenary of the original planting another oak was added to the gardens surrounding the redeveloped Adelaide Oval.

Notes

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Significance

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The Oak is of extreme historical significance as the first memorial tree to be planted, and serves as a living reminder.


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Images of War Memorial Oak

  • War memorial oak plaque
 
Architects
Builders
Building materials
Architectural styles
Construction
1914/08/29 -
Architecture and design features
Engineering features
 
Precinct
Parklands
Precinct Parkland Name
Tarntanya Wama (Park 26)
Council Ward
North
Alternative Addresses
Geo-coordinates
Town Acre
Planning Zone or Policy Area
Original owners
Adelaide City Council
Original occupant
Later occupant/s
Purposes and use
Commemorative, Monument
AS2482 classification
Public Access
Access unrestricted
 
NTSA ID
State Heritage ID
26348
ACC Reference No.
DPTI Heritage No.
26487
RNE ID
26487
Certificate of Title No.
CR 6074/515 H106100 S1626
NTSA file exists
No
Heritage Status
State Heritage listed
State heritage listing
State Heritage listed
Date of State heritage listing
Local heritage listing
Date of Local heritage listing
NTSA listing
Nil
Date of NTSA listing
Section 23 (4) crtiteria
Risk status
 
Historic Themes
6.5 Significant Events
6.5.3 Remembering the Fallen
 
Australian Curriculum references
Year 6: Australia as a Nation
ACHHK116
 

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