The University of Adelaide - Barr Smith Library

The University of Adelaide - Barr Smith Library

This classically derived building is in stark contrast to Walter Hervey Bagot’s other university building, Bonython Hall, which was built in the mediaeval Gothic style. The library, of red brick, stone dressings and freestone portico, recalls Georgian England, with its imposing but elegant style. It has also been likened to similar buildings at Harvard University. The original library complex dominates the main university lawns opposite the Victoria Drive Gates. It is enhanced by mature trees and blends with the various other buildings also in red brick and of this century.

The Barr Smith Library is a memorial to Robert Barr Smith, who from 1892 bequeathed large sums of money to purchase books for the university library. After his death in 1915, the family made the maintenance of the library its concern.

Following his father, Thomas Elder Barr Smith became a member of the council in 1924 and offered £20,000 for a new library to relieve the congested state of the one in the Mitchell Building. He increased his gift to cover the expected building cost of £34,000.

Walter Bagot chose a classic style for the proposed library. The pamphlet describing the official opening of the Barr Smith Library stated: “The tradition that the mediaeval styles are appropriate to educational buildings dies hard; but it is dying. Climate is the dominant factor, and a mediterranean climate such as this should predispose us to a mediterranean, that is to say, a classic form of architecture.”

The design was influenced by those of Sir Christopher Wren for Kensington Palace and an addition at Hampton Court. Bagot brought his ideas back from England for adaptation to the local environment. The exterior was built in brick by H.S.C. Jarvis, and the Murray Bridge freestone portico was constructed by SA Monumental Works Ltd.

The decoration of the reading room was designed for restful effect. The “oak” furniture and parquetry were the deepest notes of a scheme that lightened gradually towards the ceiling. This was finished in tones of antique ivory and gold with a contrasting tint of soft green, itself an echo of the colour of the terrazzo frieze: “The detail of the acanthus and other plastic ornament with which the coffered panels of the ceiling are enriched has been heightened by a dark overglaze applied over a light ground, and then wiped off the highlights.”

Bagot intended that the facade with its portico facing Frome Road would head the main entrance into the university. The poplar trees in an avenue are a reminder of those plans.

The Barr Smith Library was officially opened by the governor Sir Alexander Hore-Ruthven VC on March 4,1932.

Despite many additions to the complex since then, the main reading room is unchanged and its appearance is as calm and beautiful as ever, the decor, fixtures and fittings of the 1930s contrasting markedly with the severe utilitarian interiors of the more modern sections of the library.

Notes

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Significance

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The Barr Smith Library is of great historical importance for its association with Robert Barr Smith. The building is also of considerable architectural significance, with its imposing classical style columns and red brick.


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Images of The University of Adelaide - Barr Smith Library

  • The University of Adelaide - Barr Smith Library, 2014
 
Architects
Walter Bagot
Builders
HSC Jarvis, SA Monumental Works Ltd
Building materials
Brick, Render, Plaster, Stone, Freestone
Architectural styles
3.12 Inter-War Period (c. 1915–c. 1940), 3.13 Georgian Revival
Construction
1924 - 1932
Architecture and design features
pilsater, dormer window, terra cotta roof, pediment
Engineering features
 
Precinct
Riverbank
Council Ward
Central
Alternative Addresses
Geo-coordinates
Town Acre
Planning Zone or Policy Area
Original owners
The University ot Adelaide
Original occupant
Later occupant/s
Purposes and use
Education, University
AS2482 classification
14010 - University
Public Access
Opening hours only
 
NTSA ID
State Heritage ID
10643
ACC Reference No.
DPTI Heritage No.
1531
RNE ID
1531
Certificate of Title No.
CT 6077/7 H105100 S1207
NTSA file exists
No
Heritage Status
State Heritage listed
State heritage listing
State Heritage listed
Date of State heritage listing
Local heritage listing
Date of Local heritage listing
NTSA listing
Nil
Date of NTSA listing
Section 23 (4) crtiteria
Risk status
 
Historic Themes
7 EDUCATING
7.3 Universities and Colleges of Advanced Education
7.4 Libraries, Learned Institutions and Museums
Topics
Robert Barr Smith, Sir Thomas Elder
 
Australian Curriculum references
Year 6: Australia as a Nation
ACHHK116
 

References

  • Edgeloe, V.A., Guide to the University of Adelaide, c. Early 1980s; News, 4 March 1932,
  • 5 June 1933; Register, 29 September 1930; University of Adelaide: official opening and inspection of the Barr Smith Library, March 4, 1932.

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