The Opera Theatre

The Opera Theatre

This building is a historically significant venue for live entertainment in Adelaide. It was built as the Princess Theatre in 1912-13 for Edwin Daw, and first leased by Harry Rickards, a leading variety entrepreneur. The building continued to provide live entertainment, reflecting changes and developments until it was rehabilitated as the Opera Theatre.

Selections from operas were performed from the earliest days of settlement. The first complete opera, Rob Roy, was mounted in December 1839 in a makeshift theatre on the site of the former Fowler Factory on North Terrace.

In 1861 Adelaide saw its first Italian opera when a company led by Signor and Signora Bianchi ran an ambitious 16-week opera season. By the late 1890s, in the early days of cinema, theatre was booming. Several new venues such as this theatre were built, even some distance from the commercial parts of the city.

After this was built as the Princess Theatre, Hugh D. McIntosh, governing director of Harry Rickards Tivoli Theatre Limited, took over the lease and changed its name to the Tivoli Theatre. The Green Room reported on September 1,1913, that as soon as McIntosh inspected the new theatre he asked “How much?”

Harry Rickards first appeared in music halls in London. His career took off when he sang T. MacLangan’s song Captain Jinks of the House Marines, which captivated London and lifted his salary from £5 to £20 a week – an enormous amount for a variety artist. He was promoted to performing at London’s leading variety theatre, The Shaftsbury Theatre, which opened up opportunities for him to visit Australia in 1872. He returned several times, staying for “some years” and creating a vaudeville circuit that took him regularly on tour around Australia. This theatre was only one of the many leased theatres in his circuit.

The Tivoli was officially opened as a home for vaudeville on September 5, 1913. It was built on an open paddock with a stream running through it, where market gardeners and stallholders parked their carts and fed their horses.

An earlier Tivoli Theatre on King William Street was referred to as the old Tivoli once the new Tivoli opened. The new Tivoli Theatre was designed by architects Williams & Good, and built by Messrs W. Essery and J. Henning. “Sumptuously equipped”, it was opened by the mayor, Lavington Bonython, in the presence of “a large number of representative citizens”. The building was described as “appealingly chaste” in its white and gold decor, and its appointments were thought be “lavish”. The Critic of September 10, 1913, described it as “unquestionably the most up-to-date building of the kind in the Commonwealth”.

However, the new Tivoli Theatre never succeeded in becoming the principal theatre in Adelaide. Perhaps it was too far out of the way, or too big for the Adelaide of 1913.

For its first few years it was a “live” theatre in every sense. Performers appearing at the old Tivoli were retained to perform at the opening night of the new Tivoli. One of them was the vivacious Lillie Langtry, described as an “electric spark” who “had quite taken Adelaide by storm”. Applauded for her dancing, singing and “frocking”, Langtry was equally famous for her public love life.

The new Tivoli housed long seasons of plays, vaudeville, and a quaint feature, Tango Teas. Tango Teas came to Adelaide for a short time in 1914, and combined fashion parades, entertainment and light refreshments. “The absolute rage of every city in America and England”, they were early examples of audience participation.


In 1962 the theatre was extensively altered and renamed Her Majesty’s Theatre after the closure and demolition of the Theatre Royal in Hindley Street. The foyer was altered, the original dress circle and gallery (the gods) were removed and replaced by a single upper circle. The building was altered again in 1978-9 when backstage and foyer facilities were improved and the scene tower raised. It was renamed The Opera Theatre, as the home of the State Opera Company of South Australia.

The company, brought about by the State Opera of South Australia Act of 1976, had developed out of Adelaide’s first professional company, the New Opera South Australia, formed in 1973. This had developed from the Intimate Opera Group formed in 1957, although there had been earlier unsuccessful attempts in 1924 and in 1933 to create a professional opera company. In 1989 the State Opera moved to the Festival Theatre.

Notes

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Significance

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The Grote Street facade of this building is architecturally notable because of its exuberant applied ornament and curiously contrived proportion, which recalls a classical stage proscenium. Unfortunately the facade now seems to float over the ground floor, due to alterations to the entrance and new wall cladding. Above ground floor level the exterior is largely unchanged, even though the interior has been totally remodelled.


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Images of The Opera Theatre

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Architects
Williams and Good
Builders
W Essery, J Henning
Building materials
Brick, Stone, Sandstone
Architectural styles
3 Federation Period (c. 1890–c. 1915)
Construction
1912 -  

Additional Works

Additions

Description
Construction commenced
8/4/1962
Construction completed
8/4/2020

Additions

Description
Construction commenced
8/4/1978
Construction completed
8/4/1979
Architecture and design features
Mansard Roof
Engineering features
 
Precinct
West End
Council Ward
Central
Alternative Addresses
Geo-coordinates
Town Acre
309
Planning Zone or Policy Area
Original owners
Edwin Daw, Harry Rickards
Original occupant
Later occupant/s
Purposes and use
Recreational, Theatre
AS2482 classification
13040 - Theatre - Cinema
Public Access
Opening hours only
 
NTSA ID
State Heritage ID
13595
ACC Reference No.
DPTI Heritage No.
1318
RNE ID
1318
Certificate of Title No.
CT 6034/605 F181201 A359 CT 6044/743 F181202 A360
NTSA file exists
No
Heritage Status
State Heritage listed
State heritage listing
State Heritage listed
Date of State heritage listing
Local heritage listing
Date of Local heritage listing
NTSA listing
Nil
Date of NTSA listing
Section 23 (4) crtiteria
Risk status
 
Historic Themes
3.1 Economic Cycles
3.1.8 New Technology and City Development
6.2 Recreation and Entertainment
6.2.1 Theatres
Topics
South Australian Opera Company
 
Australian Curriculum references
Year 6: Australia as a Nation
ACHHK116
 

References

  • ACA, Annual report 1912, Assessments, BSO records; Abbie, M., 'Professional theatre in
  • Adelaide', BA Hons. thesis, University of Adelaide, 1970, pp. 64, 126; Advertiser,
  • 5 September 1913, 8 September 1913, 27 August 1921, 3 August 1924; Anders, D., Verbal information, 18 January 1988; Brokensha, P., & Tonks, A., Culture and community - economics and expectations of the arts of South Australia, 1986, p. 100; Critic, 3 September
  • 1913, 10 September 1913; Fischer, G., 'The professional theatre in Adelaide 1838-1922' in Australian Letters, Vol. 2, March 1960, pp. 90-7; Green Room, 1 September 1913; Horner, J., 'A short history of music in South Australia' in Australian Letters, Vol. 2, March 1960, p.
  • 58; Observer, 6 June 1896; South Australian, 4 December 1839; South Australian Register,
  • 7 December 1839, 6 September 1913; State Opera of South Australia program for Die
  • Fledermaus, 1979.

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