Statue of Queen Victoria

Statue of Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) was monarch of the United Kingdom and the British Empire then encompassing South Australia and the other Australian colonies. Victoria's statue was placed prominently in Adelaide's central square that was named for her early in her long reign. She was still head of state when the original artwork was created (which is considered a good likeness) and when this statue was erected in Adelaide. Queen Victoria was also strongly identified with South Australia's founding years and development as a British colony as she ruled from 1837-1901 for close to the whole colonial period to Federation and the creation of the state of South Australia in that year. The statue was funded by Sir Edwin Thomas Smith who was a leading figure in the evolution of the city of Adelaide as an entrepreneur public leader and a philanthropist. His work contributed to shaping the physical fabric of the city as well as influencing its cultural life. Over a fifty-year period he made a contribution which few could match; in many respects the Queen Victoria statue is his monument.

As part of the recent redevelopment of Victoria Square the Queen’s statue has been relocated within the square.


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The statue of Queen Victoria is a place of State heritage significance. It demonstrates a high degree of creative and technical accomplishment and is intrinsically related to the heritage of Tarndanyangga/Victoria Square and the City of Adelaide. The cultural heritage of both would be diminished if the statue was removed.

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Images of Statue of Queen Victoria

Charles Bell Birch
Thames and Dutton Foundry, Fraser and Draysey
Building materials
Stone, Granite
Architectural styles
2 Victorian Period (c. 1840–c. 1890)
1894 -
Architecture and design features
Wallaroo Copper, Replica of original
Engineering features
Victoria Square- Tarndanyangga
Council Ward
Alternative Addresses
Town Acre
Planning Zone or Policy Area
Original owners
Adelaide City Council
Original occupant
Later occupant/s
Purposes and use
Commemorative, Statue
AS2482 classification
32240 - Monument - Column - Cairn - Cross - Shrine - Marker - Statue
Public Access
Access unrestricted
State Heritage ID
ACC Reference No.
DPTI Heritage No.
Certificate of Title No.
CT 0000/0000
NTSA file exists
Heritage Status
State Heritage listed
State heritage listing
State Heritage listed
Date of State heritage listing
Local heritage listing
Date of Local heritage listing
NTSA listing
Date of NTSA listing
Section 23 (4) crtiteria
Risk status
Historic Themes
2.4 City Dwellers: City, state and business leaders
5.1 Local Government
5.1.3 City Improvements and City Planning
6.2 Recreation and Entertainment
6.2.7 Enjoying the natural environment
6.5 Significant Events
6.5.2 Public spectacles and celebrations
Sir Edwin Thomas Smith
Australian Curriculum references
Year 5: The Australian Colonies


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