Perryman's Bakery Shop and houses

Perryman's Bakery Shop and houses

The Adelaide almanack of 1850 mentions a baker operating in Margaret Street by the name of D. Mahnke. Diedrich Friedrich Georg Cari Heinrich Mahnke purchased the land at the corner of Margaret and Tynte streets for £45 and almost immediately built premises facing Tynte Street. In 1854 August Heinrich Wilhelm Meyer and Fritz Winter, both described as bakers, purchased Mahnke’s property, which included the conveyance of a shop, bakehouse and outhouses. In the previous year Meyer and Winter purchased the property to the immediate west of the conveyance, recording that this land was “bound on the east by a house occupied by D. Mahnke and on the west by a house occupied by Mr. Bath”. The present Perryman’s building probably dates from the early 1850s, with Mahnke responsible for its erection. The building has typically low ceilings although the external appearance and shop front windows are of later date. In 1868 Mr Winter, baker of Tynte Street, had “several additions and alterations made to his premises” by the builders Newman and Wheston under the architectural supervision of Daniel Garlick. The present appearance dates from this time.

The history and development of the adjoining four two-storey houses is more confused. The block comprises the bakery with a 30 foot frontage and the four attached houses to the west, each with a frontage of 15 feet. These buildings are shown in the Smith Survey completed in 1880, the plan form being virtually identical to that seen today.

In 1850-51 John Bentham Neales subdivided the town acre, selling off the portions in question to D. Mahnke (30 feet), John Mitchell (15 feet), Francis Mitchell (15 feet) and Dymphna Lester (30 feet). The buildings still reflect in built form the subdivision of the 1850s and it seems that the entire group reached its present basic form by 1868. J. Mitchell sold to Meyer and Winter, Francis Mitchell to James Bath (the schoolmaster mentioned earlier).

It seems obvious that the Mitchells built the central pair of houses since each paid £15 to Neales and yet resold the individual 15 foot frontages for £98 and £80 respectively. Assessment records note two almost identical houses, each of four rooms. The property owned by Dymphna Lester was purchased by William Giddings (mason) in 1863, who built the two houses adjacent.

Notes

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Significance

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This group of buildings represents a style of development and combination of land uses once common but now rare in the city. The combination of terrace cottages and corner shop contributes to an understanding of community life in the 1850s in North Adelaide and in the city generally. The bakery and adjoined houses indicate past residential concentrations and the important role of the corner shop before residents became more mobile with the popularisation of the motor vehicle. Unlike other corner shops, this one has continued in use, baking having been carried out on the site almost continuously for more than 130 years.

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Images of Perryman's Bakery Shop and houses

 
Architects
Daniel Garlick
Builders
Newman and Wheston
Building materials
Render, Stucco, Stone, Limestone
Architectural styles
2 Victorian Period (c. 1840–c. 1890)
Construction
1868 -
Architecture and design features
balcony, veranda
Engineering features
 
Precinct
Upper North Adelaide
Council Ward
North
Alternative Addresses
Geo-coordinates
Town Acre
867
Planning Zone or Policy Area
Original owners
Fritz Winter
Original occupant
Later occupant/s
Purposes and use
Commercial, Shop, Dwelling, Row Homes
AS2482 classification
16010 - House
Public Access
Private residence
 
NTSA ID
1213
State Heritage ID
13520
ACC Reference No.
DPTI Heritage No.
1433
RNE ID
1433
Certificate of Title No.
CT 5153/614 F104258 A4 CT 5778/253 F183758 A486 CT 5822/340 F183759 A487 CT 5851/222 F183760 A488
NTSA file exists
Yes
Heritage Status
State Heritage listed
State heritage listing
State Heritage listed
Date of State heritage listing
Local heritage listing
Date of Local heritage listing
NTSA listing
NTSA registered
Date of NTSA listing
1972/02
Section 23 (4) crtiteria
Risk status
 
Historic Themes
2.3 City Dwellers: Householders, Boarders and Tenants
3.5 Commercial, Marketing & Retail
3.5.4 Smaller Retail Establishments
4.4 Residential Development, Building Types and Living Conditions
4.4.1 Subdivision and Residential Development
 
Australian Curriculum references
Year 5: The Australian Colonies
ACHHK094
 

References

  • ACA, Assessments, Smith Survey 1880; South Australian Register, 10 February 1869.

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