National War Memorial

National War Memorial

A memorial to those who fought in the First World War was first discussed in 1919. Architecture firm Woods, Bagot, Jory and Laybourne Smith won a competition with their design, The Spirit of Sacrifice. The firm worked with Sydney sculptor Rayner Hoff to create the memorial’s sculptures. Construction took three years and cost £30,000.

There was some controversy around the project. Design entries had to be submitted a second time as the first ones were lost in a fire. There was also heavy debate about whether to cut down some of the large elm trees on North Terrace to create a proper view of the memorial.

Governor Sir Alexander Hore-Ruthven unveiled the memorial at the Anzac Day service on 25 April 1931. Around 5,000 veterans attended the service. Among them were ex-servicemen from the country who were provided with free rail tickets to attend the event.

The marble angel framed within the main granite arch represents the "spirit of duty", and holds a sword in the shape of a cross signifying "battle and sacrifice". The three bronze figures below the angel are of a student, indicated by his gown and books, a farmer or ploughman, and a young girl. These three figures, weighing four tons, symbolise the wider community.

On the side facing away from North Terrace, you can see another angel under the arch. It holds a fallen soldier and a sword in its scabbard. A bronze lion on this side represents Australia's connection to Britain.

Notes

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Significance

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The War Memorial is historically significant as a reminder, as well as a tribute, of the South Australian contribution to the Great War.


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Images of National War Memorial

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Architects
Louis Laybourne Smith
Builders
George Rayner Hoff, South Australian Monumental Works, A W Dobbie and Company, Julius Henschke
Building materials
Stone, Granite, Marble
Architectural styles
3.12 Inter-War Period (c. 1915–c. 1940), 3.18 Art Deco
Construction
1928 - 1931 

Additional Works

Reinforcement

Description
Construction commenced
10/4/2001
Construction completed
10/4/2020
Architecture and design features
bronze
Engineering features
 
Precinct
Riverbank
Council Ward
Central
Alternative Addresses
Geo-coordinates
Town Acre
Planning Zone or Policy Area
Original owners
Government of South Australia
Original occupant
Later occupant/s
Purposes and use
Commemorative, Monument
AS2482 classification
32240 - Monument - Column - Cairn - Cross - Shrine - Marker - Statue
Public Access
Access unrestricted
 
NTSA ID
State Heritage ID
13660
ACC Reference No.
DPTI Heritage No.
1523
RNE ID
1523
Certificate of Title No.
CR 5754/511 H105100 S756
NTSA file exists
No
Heritage Status
State Heritage listed
State heritage listing
State Heritage listed
Date of State heritage listing
Local heritage listing
Date of Local heritage listing
NTSA listing
Nil
Date of NTSA listing
Section 23 (4) crtiteria
Risk status
 
Historic Themes
6.5 Significant Events
6.5.3 Remembering the Fallen
 
Australian Curriculum references
Year 6: Australia as a Nation
ACHHK116
 

References

Further reading


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