Kingsmead House

Kingsmead House

Kingsmead was erected in 1865 for Charles Jacobs, founder of the merchant firm of Charles Jacobs & Sons, which became the largest importers of sugar in Australia. Jacobs had become established in about 1848 as a merchant dealing in tea, coffee and sugar. By the 1860s he was able to commission one of the leading local architectural firms, Wright and Woods, to design a “large showy two-storey house” in Brougham Place.

The house was built by Charles Farr at a cost of £3000, a substantial amount in 1865. It is an excellent early example of a mid-Victorian “town house” in a style commonly termed Italianate. The wings on the east and west are later additions. The grounds at the front of the house are enclosed by the original elegant and substantial cast-iron railings, piers and gates.

The next owner was Edward Meade Bagot, who bought the house in 1869 and owned it until his mysterious death in July 1886. The Bagot family’s early financial success with the Kapunda Mines enabled E.M. Bagot to follow their interest in pastoral pursuits. In 1846 he took up Murthoo Run and extended his holdings into New South Wales. Between the 1850s and 1866 he owned the Beefacres Estate, and Neds Corner Cattle Run until 1873. In 1860 he entered into business with Gabriel Bennett as a stock and station agent. His meat extract became well known when he began a boiling-down establishment at Thebarton in 1870. As many as 70,000 sheep were boiled down in one year.

But for his poor judgement in Northern Territory goldmines Bagot may well have become one of South Australia’s wealthiest men. In keeping with his “gentry” status, he was a member of the Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society and an ardent “supporter of the turf” as secretary of the South Australian Jockey Club and an owner of racehorses. He was also one of the “four gentlemen” who met in 1879 to discuss the formation of a Tattersalls Club in Adelaide (see Tattersalls Club). However, his greatest achievement was the successful completion as contractor for the southern section of the overland telegraph line between Adelaide and Darwin which was finished in 1872.

Bagot’s tragic death in July 1886 attracted much media attention as foul play was not ruled out. He failed to return home on the evening of July 24, 1886, although witnesses had seen him on a tram travelling in the direction of Brougham Place. His body was found nine days later in a quarry near Yatala Prison. The case was never satisfactorily resolved and to this day many believe he was murdered.

A later owner was Marion Alderidge, widow of George Sydney Alderidge, president of the Adelaide Stock Exchange. During Mrs Alderidge’s ownership Kingsmead acquired a good reputation as genteel private accommodation. Indeed this use was already established when she bought the property in 1915; a reference in the weekly Green Room, 1 July 1913 mentions that Miss Hodgkins, the English artist whose collection of paintings was on view at the Society of Arts, lived at Kingsmead during her stay in Adelaide.

By 1928 Kingsmead had been converted into self-contained flats. In January 1930, Australian Homes and Gardens recorded that the conversion was designed by Guy St J. Makin, and carried out by Arthur Owen: “The co-operation between architect and builder has successfully remodelled ‘Kingsmead’ without losing any of its character. It was important that this should be the case for ‘Kingsmead’ has an international reputation amounting almost to a tradition. Many people who have come to visit South Australia for extended periods have found a home from home at ‘Kingsmead, with its old world atmosphere. Consequently, in modernising the group of flats and making extensive additions thereto, the architect has endeavoured to modernise the facilities without disturbing the character of the house.”

Notes

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Significance

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Kingsmead, historically significant as a grand house, is also of interest as an early example of sympathetic conversion and as a relatively early group of flats. Because land prices in Adelaide were not so expensive as to need dense flat accommodation, the first purpose-built flats were not developed until the early 20th century. Like Ruthven Mansions (1912), most were aimed at the social elite, with rents far higher than the basic weekly wage. They were well appointed and within easy reach of city offices and amenities. Kingsmead’s conversion was aimed at a similar market and with the appropriate amenities.

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Images of Kingsmead House

 
Architects
Edmund Wright, Edward Woods
Builders
Charles Farr
Building materials
Brick, Render, Stucco, Stone, Bluestone
Architectural styles
2 Victorian Period (c. 1840–c. 1890), 2.9 Italianate
Construction
1865 -  

Additional Works

Converted to Self Contained Flats

Description
Designed by Guy St J Makin and built by Arthur Owen
Construction commenced
9/4/1928
Construction completed
9/4/2020
Architecture and design features
Edmund Wright, Bay window, terra cotta tiles, quoins, portico
Engineering features
 
Precinct
Upper North Adelaide
Council Ward
North
Alternative Addresses
Geo-coordinates
Town Acre
740
Planning Zone or Policy Area
Original owners
Charles Jacobs
Original occupant
Later occupant/s
Purposes and use
Dwelling, House
AS2482 classification
16010 - House
Public Access
Private residence
 
NTSA ID
1180
State Heritage ID
10802
ACC Reference No.
DPTI Heritage No.
1416
RNE ID
1416
Certificate of Title No.
CT 5112/961 D25948 A10
NTSA file exists
Yes
Heritage Status
State Heritage listed
State heritage listing
State Heritage listed
Date of State heritage listing
Local heritage listing
Date of Local heritage listing
NTSA listing
NTSA registered
Date of NTSA listing
1972/02
Section 23 (4) crtiteria
Risk status
 
Historic Themes
2.4 City Dwellers: City, state and business leaders
3.1 Economic Cycles
3.1.5 Farming Boom
4.4 Residential Development, Building Types and Living Conditions
4.4.1 Subdivision and Residential Development
Topics
Charles Jacobs and Sons, Edward Meade Bagot
 
Australian Curriculum references
Year 5: The Australian Colonies
ACHHK097
 

References

  • ACA, Assessments, Smith Survey 1880; Advertiser, 21 April 1978; Australian Homes and Gardens, January 1930, pp. 43-5; Cox, A.B., The first hundred years - history of South Australia's Tattersalls Club, 1980, p. 15; Garden and Field, April 1887; Green Room, 1 July
  • 1913; MLSA, Historical photographs (Town Acre 740); Morrison, W.E, The Aldine History of South Australia, Vol. 2, 1890, p. 750; Observer, 7 August 1886, 26 August 1911; South Australian Directories, South Australian Register, 4 January 1865.

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