House at 58-60 North Terrace, Adelaide

House at 58-60 North Terrace, Adelaide

These dwellings were built on Town Acre 6 at a time when permanent structures were replacing the original cottages of weatherboard, paling and pisé, several of which had stood on this site.

They were known as Mills Buildings, named after George Mills, who had four houses built here in 1865. In the 1869 assessment they were valued at £45 for each of the three smaller houses, and £84 for the residence Mills occupied to the west.

Such small-scale residential development was quite typical, as was the means by which Mills made enough money to be able to build. In common with many other colonists, he progressed from a single trade to an occupation that grew as settlement expanded.

Mills arrived in South Australia in about 1840, beginning as a shoemaker in Hindley Street. He brought horses from Tasmania and let them out for work on the Port Road, then became a carrier between the city and the port. In 1856 when the city to port railway was opened, he became a partner with H. Hill in the firm J.R. Fuller and Co, managing all of the goods traffic on the line.

Mills managed the stables at Adelaide, Gawler and Kapunda as the railways were extended. From 1871 to 1882, he was a member of the coaching and carrying firm of John Hill and Co. After he died in 1888, his wife Annie continued to live at their home on North Terrace until about 1908

The dwelling next door to Mills’ house was used as a boarding house by J. Barwick and then by Arthur and Louisa Morris. By 1885 they had expanded to include the next house and took in boarders until 1903. The Morris family transformed their business into the Victoria Coffee Palace, which lasted until about 1914. At that time a coffee palace was primarily a form of inexpensive unlicensed accommodation, somewhere between a boarding house and a hotel, so it was an easy transition.

George Mills’ former house is a sizeable residence for this area. The interiors of the houses to the east have been substantially changed for use as a restaurant.

Notes

show more

Significance

[edit | edit source]

These buildings are historically significant as a comparatively early form of residential housing.


Connects with

Related places
Related people
Related organisations
Related events
Related things

See also



Images of House at 58-60 North Terrace, Adelaide

  • Mills Buildings
 
Architects
Builders
Building materials
Render, Plaster
Architectural styles
2 Victorian Period (c. 1840–c. 1890)
Construction
1865 -
Architecture and design features
Engineering features
 
Precinct
West End
Council Ward
Central
Alternative Addresses
Geo-coordinates
Town Acre
6
Planning Zone or Policy Area
Original owners
George Mills
Original occupant
Later occupant/s
Purposes and use
Dwelling, House
AS2482 classification
11510 - Business House - Offices
Public Access
Business/trading hours
 
NTSA ID
State Heritage ID
14018
ACC Reference No.
DPTI Heritage No.
1315
RNE ID
1315
Certificate of Title No.
CT 5606/404 F39200 A100
NTSA file exists
No
Heritage Status
State Heritage listed
State heritage listing
State Heritage listed
Date of State heritage listing
Local heritage listing
Date of Local heritage listing
NTSA listing
Nil
Date of NTSA listing
Section 23 (4) crtiteria
Risk status
 
Historic Themes
2.3 City Dwellers: Householders, Boarders and Tenants
2.4 City Dwellers: City, state and business leaders
3.1 Economic Cycles
3.1.5 Farming Boom
4.1 Development of City Services
4.1.3 Public Transport
Topics
Victoria Coffee Palace
 
Australian Curriculum references
Year 5: The Australian Colonies
ACHHK094
 

References

  • ACA, Assessments, 1848, 1864-9, 1885; MLSA, Historical photographs (Town Acre 6);
  • Observer, 15 December 1888; South Australian Directory; 1872, 1885, 1903-15.

Further reading


External links


Something to add or share?

blog comments powered by Disqus