House at 378 South Terrace, Adelaide

House at 378 South Terrace, Adelaide

The origins of this house are quite enigmatic. It is difficult to determine not only when it was built but also for whom, and even whether the architect was the one suggested by Morgan and Gilbert in Early Adelaide architecture. The design of this building, in common with a number of others, has been confidently attributed to the architect George Kingston simply because the porches appear to be similar to some designed by him. Such design elements were common enough, however, and could have been taken from any of a great range of architectural pattern books of the nineteenth century. (For example, similar designs appear in Loudon's Encyclopaedia of cottage farm and villa architecture, 1839.) Yet there is no evidence to suggest the hand of another architect in this house.

Morgan and Gilbert state that it was built in 1857 for Edward Wright, junior. This is possible, but Wright's amalgamation of Town Acres 660, 661, 662 and 663, their subsequent subdivision, and inconsistencies in the City Council Rate Assessment descriptions, confuse the situation to such an extent that it is virtually impossible to establish a precise date of erection for this building. However, the present form of the building was almost certainly complete by the time of sale by George Morphett to William Bartley in 1872.

The rate book for 1857, actually surveyed in late 1856, is considered one of the most accurate of the 1850s surveys and indicates a new or altered house on the site, and so probably at least, part of the house dates from 1856. This date is also indicated by the use of slate roof cladding and the design of the porch, found in other houses of the 1850s.

Notes

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Significance

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Despite the 'ifs and buts' in its historical documentation, the house remains significant as an example of residential development in the city. It appears to be in original order, and is noted for its crisp if austere detailing. It remains an excellent record of construction of the mid- nineteenth century and reinforces the residential character of the south-east corner.


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Images of House at 378 South Terrace, Adelaide

  • House at 378 South Terrace
 
Architects
George Kingston
Builders
Building materials
Stone, Bluestone, Slate
Architectural styles
2 Victorian Period (c. 1840–c. 1890)
Construction
1857 -
Architecture and design features
George Kingston, veranda, stucco, portico, quoins
Engineering features
 
Precinct
South East Corner
Council Ward
South
Alternative Addresses
Geo-coordinates
Town Acre
662
Planning Zone or Policy Area
Original owners
Edward Wright Junior
Original occupant
Later occupant/s
Purposes and use
Dwelling, House
AS2482 classification
16010 - House
Public Access
Private residence
 
NTSA ID
1156
State Heritage ID
10948
ACC Reference No.
DPTI Heritage No.
1484
RNE ID
1484
Certificate of Title No.
CT 5881/285 F153 A1
NTSA file exists
Yes
Heritage Status
State Heritage listed
State heritage listing
State Heritage listed
Date of State heritage listing
Local heritage listing
Date of Local heritage listing
NTSA listing
NTSA classified
Date of NTSA listing
Section 23 (4) crtiteria
Risk status
 
Historic Themes
2 Peopling a city
2.2.1 Early Colonial Settlement
4.4 Residential Development, Building Types and Living Conditions
4.4.1 Subdivision and Residential Development
 
Australian Curriculum references
Year 5: The Australian Colonies
ACHHK094
 

References

  • ACA, Assessments, Smith Survey 1880; Morgan, E.J.R., & Gilbert, S.H., Early Adelaide architecture 1836 to 1886, 1969, p. 78; South Australian Directories, 1849-1863.

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