Government Offices

Government Offices

The Torrens building was designed to meet the needs of the Public Works and Registrar-General’s departments. It was conceived as a huge building and covers an entire town acre on the corner of Victoria Square and Wakefield Street. The government bought the land in 1876 and Melbourne architect Michael Egan won a design competition for the buildings.

Egan had recently designed a £140,000 government building in Melbourne and won the University of Adelaide design competition. The Mitchell Building designed by William McMinn incorporates many of his ideas.

The South Australian Register of December 1,1877, described Egan’s Torrens proposal as being for a handsome, substantial-looking building, by no means monumental, and simple in style. Egan reported that the street frontages were in the Italian style, and designed to fit in with the Supreme Court, the General Post Office and other public buildings facing the square. There was no tower as this was unnecessary “in sight of” the post office.

The complex formed a quadrangle with a central court. The frontages to Victoria Square and Wakefield Street were faced with “freestone” (ashlar sandstone), but to save money the sides were rendered brick. The internal walls were plain brick. The first storey was described as Doric, the second as Ionic, and the third as “simply pilastered”. The windows of the ground floor were arched and the upper ones square headed. The central feature of the facade to Victoria Square was finished with the Royal Coat of Arms.

The architect-in-chief, Edward John Woods, carried out Egan’s design for the new government offices, with some improvements and modifications. The foundations and cellars were built of Glen Osmond stone by Robert Huckson. James Shaw built the superstructure for £55,795 and the building was occupied by December 1881.

There have been many internal alterations, as well as additions to the back of the building and “temporary” additions within the quadrangle. However the main facades on Victoria Square and Wakefield Street are much as they were built.

Notes

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Significance

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The building is an impressive classical structure and a prominent feature of Victoria Square.


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Images of Government Offices

  • Government Offices, 2014
 
Architects
Michael Egan
Builders
James Shaw
Building materials
Brick, Stone, Freestone
Architectural styles
2 Victorian Period (c. 1840–c. 1890), 2.9 Italianate
Construction
1881 -
Architecture and design features
M. Egan, Ionic, duric, pilsater, arched windows
Engineering features
 
Precinct
Victoria Square- Tarndanyangga
Council Ward
Central
Alternative Addresses
Geo-coordinates
Town Acre
303
Planning Zone or Policy Area
Original owners
Government of South Australia
Original occupant
Later occupant/s
Purposes and use
Civic, Government
AS2482 classification
14560 - Law Courts
Public Access
Business/trading hours
 
NTSA ID
56
State Heritage ID
10895
ACC Reference No.
DPTI Heritage No.
1624
RNE ID
1624
Certificate of Title No.
CT 5896/686 D27841 A5
NTSA file exists
Yes
Heritage Status
State Heritage listed
State heritage listing
State Heritage listed
Date of State heritage listing
Local heritage listing
Date of Local heritage listing
NTSA listing
NTSA classified
Date of NTSA listing
Section 23 (4) crtiteria
Risk status
 
Historic Themes
5 GOVERNING
5.2 State Government
5.2.1 Creating State Government Institutions and Facilities
 
Australian Curriculum references
Year 5: The Australian Colonies
ACHHK094
 

References

  • Advertiser, 6 August 1914; Frearson's Weekly, 25 September 1880; MLSA, Bierbaum files, Historical photographs (Town Acre 303); Morgan, E.J.R., & Gilbert, S.H., Early Adelaide architecture 1836 to 1886, 1969, p. 58; SAPP, No. 170, 1878, No. 29, 1882; South Australian Government Gazette, 16 January 1879, 27 November 1879; South Australian Register, 18 December 1876, 25 January 1877, 5 October 1877, 6 October 1877, 1 December
  • 1877, 24 November 1877, 13 June 1878, 18 June 1878, 1 January 1879, 17 May 1879,
  • 21 November 1879.

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