Darling Building

Darling Building

This building is one of those Adelaide buildings which evokes something of the social and political relationship which existed between the ‘city’ and the ‘country’ before Adelaide's reliance on its mining and pastoral hinterland was broken down. The prominent mercantile firm of John Darling and Son erected it in 1916.

John Darling Snr and his eldest son John Darling Jnr arrived in South Australia in 1855. In 1866 Darling Jnr joined his father's firm. The Cyclopedia of South Australia records that the firm became one of the largest in Australasia with branches in Victoria, New South Wales, Tasmania and London. It is therefore not surprising that the influence of the firm and the standing of the Darlings were considerable. Both men were at times parliamentarians. J. Darling Jnr was a president of the Employers' Union of South Australia, the South Australian Chamber of Commerce, and the Ship Owners' Association of South Australia. He was also a director of a number of prominent mercantile and commercial organisations including Broken Hill Proprietary Ltd. Although both John Darling Snr and Jnr died before the erection of this building, these offices reflect the success of the firm and the importance of the Darling family, especially as the building remained in the ownership of John Darling and Son Proprietary Ltd. until 1958.

J.B. Hirst recognised the significance of this family by stating that Darling Snr ranked with the most prominent colonial and British landholders. This prominence is indicated by the following:

When Darling the wheat merchant, was accused of supporting a railway inland from Port Broughton because he did business there, his defence was to accept this charge and to invite his accuser to name a port where he did not have an interest.

Similarly, Darling Jnr is accredited by Hirst as holding ' . . . the power behind the throne' of the conservatives in Parliament at the turn of the twentieth century.

Architect E.H. McMichael advertised tenders for the construction of a new building in Franklin Street in July 1916. The plan for the building was approved in August 1916. It is constructionally and architecturally notable, for the composition reflects ably that period in which a marked preference for the classical tradition is particularly noticeable. The Verco building in North Terrace (also designed by McMichael) and the Tattersalls Club in Grenfell Street are other examples of design of this period.

The building's original exterior is a surprisingly crisp and well-integrated interpretation of the classical tradition. Some of its merits are the rustication of the ground floor, detailing of the first floor and surrounds to openings, the treatment of quoins, and the use of a bay window panel terminated by a pediment. These are typical devices, yet are utilised here in an individualistic way which demonstrates well the accepted approach to office design and mainstream architectural aesthetics at this time.

Notes

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Significance

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The building occupies an important corner site and is accompanied by structures opposite of a similar date and scale facing Bentham Street. The environmental contribution of the building is amplified by its high integrity and visual complexity.


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Images of Darling Building

  • Darling Building, 2014
 
Architects
Eric McMichael
Builders
Building materials
Iron, Cast iron, Render
Architectural styles
3.12 Inter-War Period (c. 1915–c. 1940), 3.13.1 Academic Classical, 3.23 Old English (20th Century Tudorbethan)
Construction
1916 -
Architecture and design features
rusticated quoins
Engineering features
 
Precinct
Victoria Square- Tarndanyangga
Council Ward
Central
Alternative Addresses
Geo-coordinates
Town Acre
239
Planning Zone or Policy Area
Original owners
John Darling and Son
Original occupant
Later occupant/s
Purposes and use
Commercial, Office
AS2482 classification
11510 - Business House - Offices
Public Access
Exterior only
 
NTSA ID
State Heritage ID
13099
ACC Reference No.
DPTI Heritage No.
1296
RNE ID
1296
Certificate of Title No.
CT 6084/523 D86151 A802 CT 6091/763 D86151 A801
NTSA file exists
No
Heritage Status
State Heritage listed
State heritage listing
State Heritage listed
Date of State heritage listing
Local heritage listing
Date of Local heritage listing
NTSA listing
Nil
Date of NTSA listing
Section 23 (4) crtiteria
Risk status
 
Historic Themes
3.1 Economic Cycles
3.1.8 New Technology and City Development
3.4 Manufacturing
3.4.1 Milling
Topics
Wheat Export
 
Australian Curriculum references
Year 6: Australia as a Nation
ACHHK116
 

References

  • ACA, Digest of Proceedings, 28 August 1916; Burgess, H.T., Cyclopedia of South Australia, Vol. 1, 1909, p. 233; Hirst, J.B., Adelaide and the country 1870-1917, 1973, p. 103.

Further reading


External links

  • [Australian Heritage Database [1]
    URIs of the form "[http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/ahdb/search.pl?mode=place_detail;search=place_name%3Ddarling%3Bstate%3DSA%3Bkeyword_PD%3Don%3Bkeyword_SS%3Don%3Bkeyword_PH%3Don%3Blatitude_1dir%3DS%3Blongitude_1dir%3DE%3Blongitude_2dir%3DE%3Blatitude_2dir%3DS%3Bin_region%3Dpart;place_id=16922 Australian Heritage Database]" are not allowed.
  • [South Australian Heritage Register [2]
    URIs of the form "[http://apps.planning.sa.gov.au/HeritageSearch/HeritageItem.aspx?p_heritageno=1296 South Australian Heritage Register]" are not allowed.

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