Colonel William Light's Grave and Monument

Colonel William Light's Grave and Monument

The statue on Montefiore Hill at North Adelaide was first located at the entrance to Victoria Square, pointing north along King William Street. The original site was the centre of the roadway in Victoria Square in a line with Flinders and Franklin Streets. It was moved to its present setting in May 1938.

The statue was the work of W. Birnie Rhind of Edinburgh. The bronze figure stands 9 feet and 6 inches (almost three metres) high on a pedestal designed by South Australian architects Garlick, Sibley and Wooldridge. The pedestal is of grey and red granite, with some parts polished and others rock faced. The whole composition is more than 15 feet (four-and-a-half metres) high.

The statue was commissioned as a result of the decay of the sandstone monument and memorial erected in memory of Light marking his grave in Light Square. A committee established in January1892 decided it was “desirable to perpetuate the memory of the late Colonel Light, founder of the City of Adelaide, by the erection of some substantial monument in the city for that purpose”. The Adelaide City Council, the Government and the public were approached for donations. The citizens of Adelaide donated £368 towards the statue, and the Government and Council promised £1000 and £500 respectively. However progress in erecting the statue was slow and it was not until 1905 that the Government and Council handed over their promised amounts. A committee was formed in 1904 to call for designs and select a site.

In 1904, it was also decided that a replacement monument should mark Light’s grave in Light Square. The committee selected one of the 13 designs submitted in May 1904, by architect H.L. Jackman, for a granite column topped by a surveyor’s theodolite. The Light Square monument was unveiled in June 1905. It has been placed on the Register of State Heritage Items.


In December 1904, the model of Colonel Light by the Scottish sculptor Birnie Rhind was chosen from nine designs submitted. The Council’s Annual Report of 1905 states that the casting of the winning design was under way and was expected to be ready for unveiling in early 1906. There were long delays as the sculptor found it difficult to establish the proper uniform for Colonel Light’s regiment, the Royal Engineers, in 1836. There were also problems casting the figure at the bronze foundry in England. The statue was shipped to Australia in September 1906 and arrangements made for its unveiling in early December 1906.

William Birnie Rhind was born in Edinburgh in 1853 and died there in 1933. He was the son of the sculptor John Rhind. William Birnie Rhind studied at the Edinburgh School of Design and the Royal Scottish Academy. He was elected a full member of the Royal Society of Art in 1905 and is noted for sculpting several monuments and memorials in Edinburgh, most notably those in the Scottish National Gallery and the statues and bas-reliefs on the various regimental memorials after the Boer War. Architects Garlick, Sibley and Wooldridge were commissioned to prepare the pedestal. The statue cost £1000, with the pedestal costing £510.

The statue was unveiled before a large crowd on November 27, 1906, by the Governor Sir George Le Hunte, with the words, “In the name of the King and on behalf of the State of South Australia, I unveil this statue of the founder of Adelaide.” The date was exactly 70 years after Light decided on the site for Adelaide.

On October 12,1919, Sir Henry Galway unveiled a bronze wreath attached to the pedestal. The wreath was the outcome of the first Town Planning Conference held in Adelaide in appreciation of Light’s imagination and foresight as a town planner.

In January 1938 the Council received a letter from the Pioneers’ Association of South Australia asking it to consider commemorating the centenary of Light’s death in 1839. Among their proposals was the idea of moving Light’s statue from King William Street to the vicinity of the newly improved lookout and sundial on Montefiore Hill. The Pioneers’ Association provided estimates for a further improvement and extension of the area, including a grander platform and the creation of a roadway to encircle the lookout site. The design was provided by the architect F. Kenneth Milne. Council decided not to improve the area, but to simply move the statue and place it on the site of the sundial. The President of the Pioneers’ Association, Sir Henry Newland, suggested the lookout be renamed “Light’s Vision”. It was decided that there would be no function to mark the moving of the statue and it was re-erected on its new site in May 1938.

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Significance

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Since its relocation to Montefiore Hill, Light’s Vision has become one of the most popular sites for tourists and locals to visit in Adelaide. Whether this is due to the fine statue on the site or the view over the city that the lookout provides, the statue is of considerable aesthetic interest.


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Images of Colonel William Light's Grave and Monument

 
Architects
George Strickland Kingston, H L Jackman
Builders
J J Leahy, A W Dobbie and Co, F Burmeister, F H Herring
Building materials
Stone, Granite, Sandstone
Architectural styles
2 Victorian Period (c. 1840–c. 1890), 3 Federation Period (c. 1890–c. 1915)
Construction
1843/02/18 -  

Additional Works

New Statue Erected, sandstone deteriorating

Description
replaced with Bronze and Thedolite granite
Construction commenced
21/6/1905
Construction completed
5/7/2018
Architecture and design features
red granite, gothic cross
Engineering features
 
Precinct
East End
Council Ward
Central
Alternative Addresses
Geo-coordinates
Town Acre
Planning Zone or Policy Area
Original owners
Government of South Australia
Original occupant
Later occupant/s
Purposes and use
Commemorative, Monument
AS2482 classification
32240 - Monument - Column - Cairn - Cross - Shrine - Marker - Statue
Public Access
Access unrestricted
 
NTSA ID
State Heritage ID
14139
ACC Reference No.
DPTI Heritage No.
1628
RNE ID
1628
Certificate of Title No.
CR 5779/244 F218070 A104
NTSA file exists
No
Heritage Status
State Heritage listed
State heritage listing
State Heritage listed
Date of State heritage listing
Local heritage listing
Date of Local heritage listing
NTSA listing
Nil
Date of NTSA listing
Section 23 (4) crtiteria
Risk status
 
Historic Themes
2.2.1 Early Colonial Settlement
2.4 City Dwellers: City, state and business leaders
3.1 Economic Cycles
3.1.6 Mid-1880s Recession
3.6 Professional Services
3.6.1 Surveyors, Engineers and Early Architects
Topics
Colonel William Light
 
Australian Curriculum references
Year 5: The Australian Colonies
ACHHK097
 

References

  • http://adelaidia.sa.gov.au/things/colonel-william-light-grave-and-monument
  • Weston, K.H. The Statuary of Adelaide, 1920-1, Held in the MLSA; City of Adelaide, City of Adelaide Reference Book, Corporation of the City of Adelaide, Adelaide, 1983, p 111-2; The Advertiser, 28 November 1906, pp 7-8; The Advertiser, 27 November 1906, pp 6-7; ACC File 153c; ACC Annual Report, 1903, p 11; ACC Annual Report, 1904, pp 13 and 19; ACC Annual Report, 1905, p 7; ACC Annual Report, 1906, p 11; ACC Annual Report, 1937-8, p 12.

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