City Mission Hall

City Mission Hall

This former hall harks dates from a time when the Light Square district was Adelaide’s most infamous residential area. It was populated by recent immigrants, transients and the very poor in search of cheap accommodation. The place was notorious for “vice and depravity”, and the City Mission Hall was founded by philanthropists to evangelise and minister to the people of the area.

One of the oldest charity organisations in South Australia, the City Mission held its first meeting on July 25, 1867. Its constitution declared that its aim was the evangelisation of the neglected classes of the City of Adelaide. However its work with the west Adelaide poor, the down-and-outs, the Chinese and Syrian population, prostitutes and transients was practical as well as spiritual.

The City Mission used the premises of Mr Verco in Currie Street as a mission hall in 1870, then rented the old Royal Victoria Theatre until that was sold in 1877. To enable the mission to continue its services, John Darling MP, donated £500 towards a new hall and a “most eligible site” was found on the west side of Light Square.

The locality was “ideal”, being one of the red light districts of the city “infested with brothels and soliciting prostitutes as well as having places of music, dancing and revelry”. Such entertainment could be found in the nearby Shamrock (Colonel Light Hotel), which was used as a theatre and concert hall and contributed much towards the local night life. Many poor working-class families lived in cottages nearby.

Brown and Thompson built the hall, apparently to the design of H.C. Richardson. Mr Darling laid the foundation stone in 1877 and the premises were officially opened in March 1878.

This “plain and neat” building was deliberately functional in appearance, although this is offset by some high-quality brickwork, including polychrome brickwork to the gable.

Once the mission had a permanent home it became the venue for many activities. It gave free breakfasts to the poor on Sunday mornings, conducted reading and writing classes for the Chinese population, and ran classes for mothers. It was particularly interested in suppressing the “open manifestations of prostitution in the city” and sent a petition to the chief secretary requesting changes in the law “to suppress the glaring exhibitions”.

Although no fundamental changes were needed to adapt the building for its new use as a restaurant, it was seriously damaged by fire at some point, but has since been restored. It stands out from the neighbouring buildings, which are mainly industrial.

The building became Regines Restaurant before it was converted into Rise Nightclub. The building is now the frontage for an apartment block.

Notes

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Significance

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The building is significant for its association with early philanthropic work in Adelaide.


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Images of City Mission Hall

 
Architects
H C Richardson
Builders
Brown and Thompson
Building materials
Brick
Architectural styles
2 Victorian Period (c. 1840–c. 1890)
Construction
1877 - 1878/03
Architecture and design features
polychrome brickwork, gable
Engineering features
 
Precinct
West End
Council Ward
Central
Alternative Addresses
Geo-coordinates
Town Acre
180
Planning Zone or Policy Area
Original owners
City Mission
Original occupant
Later occupant/s
Purposes and use
Civic
AS2482 classification
11550 - Restaurant - Cabaret - Nightclub
Public Access
Exterior only
 
NTSA ID
State Heritage ID
11640
ACC Reference No.
DPTI Heritage No.
1309
RNE ID
1309
Certificate of Title No.
CT 6049/730 F102247 A9
NTSA file exists
No
Heritage Status
State Heritage listed
State heritage listing
State Heritage listed
Date of State heritage listing
Local heritage listing
Date of Local heritage listing
NTSA listing
Nil
Date of NTSA listing
Section 23 (4) crtiteria
Risk status
 
Historic Themes
2.2 Immigration
2.2.5 Chinese Settlers
2.2.6 Middle Eastern (Afghan/Lebanese) Settlers
6.4 Forming Associations
6.4.2 Philanthropic Associations
Topics
John Darling, Prostitution
 
Australian Curriculum references
Year 5: The Australian Colonies
ACHHK097
 

References

  • ACA, Assessments; Digest of Proceedings, 15 June 1897; Chinner, C., ‘Earthly paradise – a social history of Adelaide in the early 1890s’, BA Hons. Thesis, University of Adelaide 1960; Horan, S., ‘More sinned against than sinning – prostitution in South Australia 1836≠1914’, BA Hons. Thesis Flinders University,
  • 1978, Ingram, E., The history of the Adelaide City Mission, 1967, p. 12. P. 12.; Jensen, E & R., Colonial architecture in South Australia, 1980, p. 599; MLSA, City Mission, Annual Report 1877.

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