Calvary Hospital Chapel

Calvary Hospital Chapel

The historical significance of this chapel is tied to that of Calvary Hospital, which reflects the philanthropic work of the Catholic Church. The order of nurses who conduct the hospital was founded for this work and this is its only institution in South Australia. The chapel and the hospital also reflect developments in private health care in South Australia.

After plans to establish a hospital administered by the Dominican Sisters fell through, the Sisters managed the North Adelaide Private Hospital. In 1900, a small group of Little Company of Mary nuns arrived from Sydney to take over the hospital, described as “a warren of passages and rooms”. The nuns were only allowed to live in it until they built a brand new hospital as the building was condemned by the health authorities.

Prominent Adelaide doctors were associated with the North Adelaide Private Hospital from the beginning of the Little Company of Mary’s involvement, and by the end of its first year it was registered as a training school for nurses. The foundation stone for the new hospital was laid on December 15,1905, and the building opened in 1906 when 22 patients were transferred from the old hospital to the new.

The name Calvary Hospital was described by the Southern Cross, 13 November 1936 as fitting for the Little Company of Mary since its rules directed members to order their whole lives, their prayers, and works of charity and self-sacrifice to the end “that the Divine Mercy may surround the dying. In the company of Mary, at the foot of the Cross, with humility and simplicity sharing in Marys maternal office, the Sisters attended the deathbeds of those who have the happiness of breathing their last at ‘Calvary’.”

The hospital soon expanded. The foundation stone for the east wing extension was laid on July 11,1917. Soon after its completion in 1918 a nurses home was also built. The foundation stone for a new convent was laid on October 6, 1929.

During the 1930s the chapel at Calvary Hospital was built. It was designed by Louis Laybourne Smith, a partner in Woods Bagot Laybourne Smith and Irwin. He also designed St Cuthbert’s Church of England at Prospect in 1914; the Adult Deaf and Dumb Mission building on South Terrace in 1928; and the War Memorial on North Terrace.

The chapel building recalls a basilica of the Byzantine period, its severe and simple exterior relieved by Romanesque detailing. The gable decoration is simple, with a pronounced corbel table in well-detailed brickwork. The interior is lavishly detailed, with Corinthian and Doric columns, a coffered ceiling and a gallery enhanced by statues.

Notes

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Significance

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The chapel is significant for its association with the Hospital, Little Company of Mary and the development of the private health care system.


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Images of Calvary Hospital Chapel

 
Architects
Louis Laybourne Smith
Builders
Building materials
Brick
Architectural styles
3.12 Inter-War Period (c. 1915–c. 1940)
Construction
1938/09/12 -
Architecture and design features
Louis Laybourne Smith, gable, stucco, apse
Engineering features
 
Precinct
Upper North Adelaide
Council Ward
North
Alternative Addresses
Geo-coordinates
Town Acre
797
Planning Zone or Policy Area
Original owners
Little Company of Mary
Original occupant
Later occupant/s
Purposes and use
Religious, Chapel
AS2482 classification
15500 - Religious Building
Public Access
Limited public access
 
NTSA ID
State Heritage ID
13487
ACC Reference No.
DPTI Heritage No.
1389
RNE ID
1389
Certificate of Title No.
CT 5888/266 D60528 A2
NTSA file exists
No
Heritage Status
State Heritage listed
State heritage listing
State Heritage listed
Date of State heritage listing
Local heritage listing
Date of Local heritage listing
NTSA listing
Nil
Date of NTSA listing
Section 23 (4) crtiteria
Risk status
 
Historic Themes
3.6 Professional Services
3.6.2 Early Hospitals and the Medical Profession
6.3 Worshipping
6.3.1 Places of worship/Churches
Topics
Dr E Way, Dr A C Hamilton
 
Australian Curriculum references
Year 6: Australia as a Nation
ACHHK116
 

References

  • Dougherty, P., Mother Mary Potter foundress of the Little Company of Mary, 1960, pp. 97,
  • 100, 127, 157, 190, 237; O'Sullivan, D., Dominican Sisters - North Adelaide, 1983, p. 1; Southern Cross, 13 November 1936; Walkley, G., Louis Laybourne Smith: a memoir, 1977, p. 16; Wordley, D., No one dies alone, 1976, pp. 55, 104.

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