Adelaide Fruit and Produce Exchange - Facades and Shops

Adelaide Fruit and Produce Exchange - Facades and Shops

The north-east part of the city has a distinctive character due largely to the marvellous Adelaide Fruit and Produce Exchange. The area comprising the buildings fronting East Terrace and Rundle, Grenfell and Union streets are particularly characteristic.

With market gardening in the near suburbs and foothills maturing, and produce distribution points in growing metropolitan Adelaide becoming more important, there was a need for more market space. The building of the exchange in 1904 came when the population of the city was nearing its zenith, and services and utilities were stretched to capacity.

The exchange is also important for its scale, which reflected its management’s confidence in Adelaide’s future. This was newfound sense of independence was fostered by Australian Federation.

The exchange expresses this confidence in the robust use of ornament, including the symbolic cornucopia, and the bold impression of rhythmic massing created by arched entrances, picked out by cantilevered gabled canopies. An inscription in a section of the Grenfell Street frontage expresses the moral virtue to which the exchange aspired: “The Earth is the Lord’s and the fulness [sic] thereof” (Psalm 24:1). The exchange was part of that period of optimistic, if conservative, growth in Adelaide between the end of the 1890s depression and World War I.

Before the exchange appeared there were several markets around Adelaide. Colonel Light set aside a site for a market in his plan for Adelaide at the western end of Franklin Street. However this was not used as it was too far from the city’s early commercial areas. A cattle market was created opposite the old Newmarket Hotel off North Terrace in about 1847. Another, designed by G.S. Kingston for the South Australian Company in 1840, sold “garden produce” and other goods at the corner of Rundle Street and Gawler Place.

Several stockyards and livestock markets were scattered about, most of them close to the main trading areas such as Hindley and Rundle streets, and Kermode Street, North Adelaide. From 1841 through the 1850s, the area set aside for a Town Hall in King William Street was also used as a market.

Richard Vaughan established the original East End Market and the Corporation formed the Central Market in 1869. He roofed the East End Market in 1866 and had it enlarged in 1869.

By the 1890s there was great competition for stalls due to the growth of the gardening trade. An overflow of traders was spilling onto the streets. In about 1900, William Charlick of Charlick Brothers (a large fruit, potato and grocery business) decided to “remedy the evils” by purchasing land near the old market, between Rundle and Grenfell streets, to build an extension. Negotiations with the East End Market Company failed, so Charlick decided “to establish a new, up-to-date market, submitting his plans to competent men and to the Adelaide Corporation, who promised their support”.

The Adelaide Fruit and Produce Exchange Act was passed on October 30, 1903. It granted powers to erect the market and allowed the Adelaide City Council to take it over after some years, paying out the owners.

A company was quickly formed and a memorial stone laid by the governor on April 24, 1904. On May 2, 1904, the market was opened for trade.

There were three more extension soon after 1904 – Vardon Avenue, a section to the west of the Grenfell Street side; the facade at 273-275 Rundle Street; and the less elaborate Union Street frontage.

At the time, the Cyclopedia of South Australia reported in glowing terms on the size of the new market – nearly four acres, with £52,300 spent. There was room for “390 stands for s-vehicles and teams, 20 large packing stores, 16 shops, 11 small stores, 10 side stores, refreshment room, and shoeing-forge”. It was described as the best in Australia, “lofty, well ventilated, side roads, no obstacles, automatically drained, and kept wonderfully clean. The market has fully answered its purpose, the producers being loud in their praises of the accommodation provided.”

Architect Henry J. Cowell created a complex that thoroughly catered for market activities at the turn of the century. Its scale of development exemplified what could be achieved by private initiative. It has been hardly altered, with the detailing to arches, gablets and even ground-floor shopfronts still original. Few complexes of this size and originality survive in capital cities.

In 1987, proposals for relocation of the market in late 1988 caused controversy over the future use of the premises. A scheme of development was proposed in mid-1988 which will retain the street frontages of the buildings but saw the covered market area behind and the market offices towards the centre of the site demolished.

The resultant redevelopment of the East Market site is now widely regarded as a successful example of adaptive reuse of a heritage site.

Notes

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Significance

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This area is of great historical significance to Adelaide as the most important distribution point for goods and services in South Australia.


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East End Promenade

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Images of Adelaide Fruit and Produce Exchange - Facades and Shops

  • Adelaide Fruit and Produce Exchange.jpeg
  • Adelaide Fruit and Produce Exchange, 2014
 
Architects
Henry Cowell
Builders
Building materials
Brick, Render, Stucco, Stone, Bluestone
Architectural styles
3 Federation Period (c. 1890–c. 1915)
Construction
1904 -
Architecture and design features
pediment, gable
Engineering features
 
Precinct
East End
Council Ward
Central
Alternative Addresses
Geo-coordinates
Town Acre
91-96
Planning Zone or Policy Area
Original owners
William Charlick
Original occupant
Later occupant/s
Purposes and use
Commercial, Exchange, Market
AS2482 classification
11500 - Business: Commercial/Retail
Public Access
Access unrestricted
 
NTSA ID
121
State Heritage ID
11722
ACC Reference No.
DPTI Heritage No.
1332
RNE ID
1332
Certificate of Title No.
CT 5389/533 D45292 A85 CT 5314/670 D44306 A81 CT 5307/946 S13516 U40 CT 5307/945 S13516 U39 CT 5307/944 S13516 U38 CT 5284/434 D43306 A73 CT 5284/433 D43306 A72 CT 5315/879 S13704 U40 CT 5315/878 S13704 U39 CT 5315/877 S13704 U38 CT 5271/115 S13337 U18 CT 5271/114 S13337 U17 CT 5271/113 S13337 U16 CT 5271/112 S13337 U15 CT 5271/111 S13337 U14 CT 5587/107 D44306 A82 CT 5587/108 D44306 A83 CT 5644/71 D44549 A77 CT 5707/704 S13704 UCP CT 5746/979 S14014 UCP CT 5746/980 D42210 A77 CT 5843/338 D55792 A116 CT 5843/339 D45716 A89 CT 5845/845 D48328 A98-100 CT 5307/952 S13337 UCP CT 5995/522 D56306 A11
NTSA file exists
Yes
Heritage Status
State Heritage listed
State heritage listing
State Heritage listed
Date of State heritage listing
Local heritage listing
Date of Local heritage listing
NTSA listing
NTSA classified
Date of NTSA listing
Section 23 (4) crtiteria
Risk status
 
Historic Themes
3 Developing a City Economy
3.1.5 Farming Boom
3.5 Commercial, Marketing & Retail
3.5.1 Markets
4.3 Development of the Building Industry, Architecture and Construction
4.3.4 Inventions and Innovations
Topics
produce
 
Australian Curriculum references
Year 6: Australia as a Nation
ACHHK116
 

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